Art for the sake of beauty was discouraged. He accepted that there was great variation in revolutionary enthusiasm across the country, and that a flexible policy of land redistribution was necessary. Now receiving a large income, he married Yang Kaihui in the winter of Mao appeared victorious, but his health was deteriorating.
In the course of the anti-Japanese war, the communists broke up a substantial portion of their army into small units and sent them behind the enemy lines to serve as nuclei for guerrilla forces that effectively controlled vast areas of the countryside, stretching between the cities and communication lines occupied by the invader.
Liu Shaoqi and Li Lisan and Mao not only mobilised the miners, but formed schools and cooperatives and engaged local intellectuals, gentry, military officers, merchants, Red Gang dragon heads and even church clergy.
He found that the peasantry were increasingly restless and some had seized land from wealthy landowners to found communes. At the same time, a new and very young generation moved to the centre of the political stage.
Art was now required to serve a political purpose: This aimed at mass mobilisation of labour to improve agricultural and industrial production.
This idea of creating tools backfired because it not only drew the majority of the workforce away from the harvest, but the iron tools were inefficient and unsustainable. Unfortunately, his policies proved disastrous for the economy. This went against the traditional belief that children should respect their parents.
The disorganization and waste created by the Great Leap, compounded by natural disasters and by the termination of Soviet economic aid, led to widespread famine in which, according to much later official Chinese accounts, millions of people died.
Chiang Kai-shek, who was bent on an alliance with the propertied classes in the cities and in the countryside, turned against the worker and peasant revolution, and in April he massacred the very Shanghai workers who had delivered the city to him.
Who ruled China after Mao Zedong?
All recognition by Mao of the importance of professional skills was swallowed up in an orgy of political rhetoricand all things foreign were regarded as counterrevolutionary. Homes of citizens who were not members of the Communist party were broken into, and artifacts that were deemed to be bourgeois were destroyed.
In SeptemberLin died in an airplane crash in Mongolia, apparently while attempting to escape to the Soviet Union. Many would argue that effects of his leadership continue to be felt today. This alliance became known as the Second United Front.
Mao and other Communist leaders set out to reshape Chinese society. InMao was shown a backyard steel furnace and became convinced that this could be a good method of producing steel. If we do not speak, who will speak?
Retreat and counterattack Though few spoke up at Lushan in support of Peng, a considerable number of the top leaders sympathized with him in private.
Thus they were his greatest supporters. Luo was locally disgraced and died in InStalin wanted to prevent China from making revolution, saying that we should not have a civil war and should cooperate with Chiang Kai-shek, otherwise the Chinese nation would perish.
That certainly was fundamental, but communist agrarian policies likewise played a part in securing broad support among the peasantry.
In the same year, radical junior officers in the Japanese military planted a bomb on a railway in Manchuria. I mean, Mao could think strategically. In JuneTan led his troops into Changsha, and Zhang fled. In the winter of —25, Mao returned to his native village of Shaoshan for a rest.
That winter he married Yang Kaihui, the daughter of his former ethics teacher.
The world is ours, the nation is ours, society is ours. Mao died on 9 September Mao led another group to put together a "Draft Resolution on the Land Question", which called for the confiscation of land belonging to "local bullies and bad gentry, corrupt officials, militarists and all counter-revolutionary elements in the villages".
Using the Cult of Mao, he was able to put in motion the Cultural Revolution, which was one of his most influential policies.
Three obediences Traditionally, women were regarded as inferior to men. Rebelling against paternal authority which included an arranged marriage that was forced on him and that he never acknowledged or consummatedMao left his family to study at a higher primary school in a neighbouring county and then at a secondary school in the provincial capital, Changsha.
Detractors were vilified, then puton trial and executed.Mao Zedong, Wade-Giles romanization Mao Tse-tung, (born December 26,Shaoshan, Hunan province, China—died September 9,Beijing), principal Chinese Marxist theorist, soldier, and statesman who led his country’s communist revolution.
Mao was the leader of the Chinese Communist Party. Mao Tse-Tung: Father of Chinese Revolution. had an enormous impact on him. "The Victory of Bolshevism," and who had just founded the first Marxist study society in China. Mao was still somewhat "confused, looking for a road," but he was becoming "more and more radical.".
MAO Zedong was born on December 26 in the small village of Shaoshan in the province of Hunan (Southeast China). While Mao spent much of his childhood working on the family farm, he developed a passion for learning during his brief primary education.
Mao Zedong Mao Zedong was the Communist leader of China. He led the changing of China to a Communist country, the Great Leap Forward, and the Cultural Revolution. Great Leap Forward The Great Leap Forward was Mao Zedong's plan to industrialize China and to enforce the communist ideal.
All his people were treated like peasants. The impact of the Communists’ reforms Summary The CCP did not just want to reform industry and agriculture – it wanted to reform completely the whole of Chinese society and introduce a Communist way of life.
Read a biography about the life of Mao Zedong the Chinese communist leader responsible for the disastrous policies including the .Download