However, there is still a wide gap between what we know and what we practice in the field of public health; how to narrow that gap remains a major public health challenge. There is increasing evidence that the quality of fat and carbohydrate plays a more important role than does the quantity, and thus, public health strategies should emphasize replacing saturated and trans fats with unsaturated fats and replacing refined grain products with whole grains.
Excess adiposity is the most important risk factor for diabetes, and thus, maintaining a healthy body weight and avoiding weight gain during adulthood is the cornerstone of diabetes prevention.
Recent studies have also suggested a potential role for coffee, dairy, nuts, magnesium, and calcium in preventing diabetes. Behavior, community, diabetes, lifestyle, primary care, primary prevention Diabetes epidemic Diabetes has emerged as a major public health problem in the 21st century.
Firstly, the immense public health burden imposed by diabetes justifies action at the population level.
Thirdly, prevention of Type 2 diabetes by lifestyle modification is likely to produce beneficial other effects e.
Effective management is essential for reducing morbidity and premature mortality related to diabetes and the tools for treating diabetes are stronger than ever before.
Although less easily tested in controlled trials, public health strategies that produce mutually supportive changes in behavior, policies and environments at the community level may be more cost-effective with greater reach for mass intervention and can create synergy with structured lifestyle and pharmacotherapy interventions tailored to high-risk individuals.
Secondly, currently available treatments, while valuable, are costly, convey risks of harmful side effects e. Overall, a healthy diet, together with regular physical activity, maintenance of a healthy weight, moderate alcohol consumption, and avoidance of sedentary behaviors and smoking, could nearly eliminate type 2 diabetes.
Prospective cohort studies and randomized clinical trials have demonstrated that type 2 diabetes can be prevented largely through moderate diet and lifestyle modifications. Fourthly, most of the determinants of caloric intake, weight management and physical activity are beyond the reach or influence of medical care practitioners by themselves and are likely to be more amenable to public health efforts.
Increasing physical activity and reducing sedentary behaviors such as prolonged TV watching are important both for maintaining body weight and improving insulin sensitivity.Over the past 2 yr the effectiveness of a program in primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention of diabetes in pregnancy was studied.
Secondary, and Tertiary Prevention Program for Diabetes in Pregnancy. Roger S Mazze, PhD and ; Oded Langer, MD; Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Primary Prevention of Diabetes Mellitus Paul Z Zimmet, MB PhD Lions International Diabetes Institute and WHO Collaborating Centre for the Epidemiology of Diabetes Mellitus, Royal Southern Memorial Hospital Melbourne, Australia.
Epidemiology of diabetes. Author links open overlay panel Nita Gandhi Forouhi Nicholas J. Wareham. Show more.
Primary prevention. Rather than screening whole populations for diabetes, primary care teams should focus efforts on earlier detection, lifestyle advice and intensive treatment of risk factors among individuals at high risk of.
Diabetes Epidemiology September 29, NUR/ Abstract The following analysis of diabetes is intended to show the role of epidemiology in the surveillance and prevention of diabetes within the African American community. EPIDEMIOLOGY FACT SHEET 1: Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Prevention Fact Sheet - TB Examples STUDENTS OR INSTRUCTORS July 23, 1 EPI Fact Sheet 1: Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Prevention Fact Sheet –.
Free Essay: Epidemiology Paper Mazurah Smith University of Phoenix According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health.Download