Democratic Decision Making Democratic decision-making, in contrast to bureaucratic or technocratic decision making, is based on the assumption that all who are affected by a given decision have the right to participate in the making of that decision.
Citizens choose to participate because they expect a satisfying experience and hope to influence the planning process.
They are most effective when combined with feedback mechanisms which inform participants of the extent to which their input has influenced ultimate decisions. One result of this skepticism is a heightened demand for greater citizen participation with respect to technological decisions DeSario and Langton, p.
While both are generally used to indicate a process through which citizens have a voice in public policy decisions, both have distinctively different meanings and convey little insight into the process they seek to describe.
Natural resource management decisions frequently affect social values.
In a democracy, it is the public that determines where it wants to go, and the role of its representatives and bureaucratic staff is to get them there.
Not all techniques fit exclusively into one category. Cogan and Sharpep. The targets are implemented on the Forest and District level. For example, a public meeting may provide opportunities for education and interaction.
However, there are tangible benefits that can be derived from an effective citizen involvement program. Although scientific information can provide guidance with respect to value decisions, it is rarely the sole determinant DeSario and Langton, A key point Cogan makes is that the number of citizens who can be involved is inversely related to the level of active involvement.
One major limitation inherent in the process is the lack of comprehensive information. Further, in certain polarized issues an effective public participation program may actually save time and money by insuring that the proposed solution is acceptable to all of the interested stakeholders.
Public involvement is means to ensure that citizens have a direct voice in public decisions. According to Lang, interactive planning is based on the assumption that open, participative processes lead to better decisions.
These are organizational, political, and personal Lang, p The terms "citizen" and "public," and "involvement" and "participation" are often used interchangeably. A review of this literature indicates there are some commonly accepted principles that can be applied in the development and implementation of a citizen participation program.The Theory of Citizen Participation Introduction Citizen participation is a process which provides private individuals an opportunity to influence public decisions and has long been a component of the democratic decision-making process.
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