In The Effect of Severity of Initiation on Liking for a Groupto qualify for admission to a discussion group, two groups of people underwent an embarrassing initiation, of varied psychologic severity.
Vision Research, 16 12— The belief must be sufficiently specific and concerned with the real world such that it can be clearly disconfirmed.
An experimental investigation of the effect of unstable interpersonal relations in a group. In his paper, Festinger again systematically set forth a series of hypotheses, corollaries, and derivations, and he cited existing experimental evidence where available.
Neural Correlates of Choice Justification confirm the neural bases of the psychology of cognitive dissonance. A quantitative theory of decision. They also found that functional distance predicted social ties as well. The results indicated that when the decision is meaningful to the person deciding value, the likely rating is based on his or her attitudes positive, neutral, or negative towards the name and towards the painting in question.
All of the children refrained from playing with the forbidden toy the steam shovel. The lower-floor residents near the stairs are more likely than their lower-floor neighbors to befriend those living on the upper floor. Festinger and his co-authors concluded that the following conditions lead to increased conviction in beliefs following disconfirmation: That inequity aversion is the paramount concern of the participants.
Decision-time, relative frequency of judgment and subjective confidence as related to physical stimulus difference.
The subjects whose strong initiation required reading aloud obscene words evaluated the people of their group as more-interesting persons than the people of the group who underwent the mild initiation to the discussion group. University students had to write a paper depending on if they were assigned to a high-choice or low-choice condition.
There are also individual differences in whether or not people act as this theory predicts. The three psychologists and several more assistants joined the group.
There exists, in the human organism, a drive to evaluate his opinion and abilities. In other words, people simply tend to befriend their neighbors.
Human Relations, 2 2—Festinger’s prediction, that those in the $1 would like the task more, proved to be correct. Figure 2. Cognitive Dissonance Theory and the Festinger & Carlsmith () experiment References • Festinger, L.
(). A theory of cognitive dissonance, Evanston. The Cognitive Dissonance Experiment is based on the theory of cognitive dissonance proposed by Leon Festinger in the year People hold many different cognitions about their world, e.g.
about their environment and their personalities. Running Head: Cognitive Dissonance Analysis Cognitive Dissonance Analysis: Stepping Out of Assigned Roles Randi Cutler Lehigh University Abstract Research conducted by Leon Festinger and James M.
Carlsmith has shown promise for the effects of cognitive dissonance on personal belief, and the adjustment of those beliefs to match publicly supported, yet contradictory arguments.
The theory discusses how individuals will make that change in an effort to eliminate the dissonance and reduce the distress felt as a result of the conflict. Introduction (continued) Festinger's () classic example of cognitive dissonance is that of the cigarette smoker.
Leon Festinger's theory of cognitive dissonance has been widely recognized for its important and influential concepts in areas of motivation and social psychology.
The theory of dissonance is here applied to the problem of why partial reward, delay of reward, and effort expenditure during training. Festinger's () cognitive dissonance theory suggests that we have an inner drive to hold all our attitudes and behavior in harmony and avoid disharmony (or dissonance).
This is known as the principle of cognitive consistency.Download