An analysis of the green revolution involvement in the development of high yield variety hyv and gen

During the same period, the cereal production in developing countries has increased 2. In the case of non-availability of capital, the farmer should have an easy access to the credit facilities.

This was 10 times the yield of traditional rice. Retrieved 11 June In India, the total cereal production has increased from 70 million tonnes in to million tonnes duringwhile in China, an increase from 91 million tonnes to million tonnes during the same period has been observed.

High-Yielding Variety Seeds: Definition, Advantages and Role in Green Revolution of India

Fultz-Daruma was later crossed with Turkey Red which was also a high yielding U. Modern farming tools and technology like tractors, threshers and sprayers are also imperative for the successful cultivation of HYV.

High Yielding Varieties Seeds (HYV)

Another goods feature of these seeds is they needs very less irrigation care. The number of tractors in developing countries rose from 0.

This, in turn, increased the adaptability of the strains in different environments. CGIAR has added many research centers throughout the world.

Assimilates become redirected to grain production, amplifying in particular the effect of chemical fertilizers on commercial yield.

These seeds have good immune system to fight with insects and other diseases. The increase in food production led to a cheaper food for urban dwellers, and the increase in urban population increased the potential for industrialization.

Introduction of such high-yielding varieties of wheat depends crucially on the availability of fertilisers, adequate water supply, pesticides and insecticides. Journal of Development Studies On the other hand, simultaneous efforts were being made to introduce the Green Revolution programs in developing countries including India, Philippines and Indonesia in s Hindmarsh, Indian seed programme includes the participation of Central and State Governments, ICAR, State Agriculture Universities, public sector, cooperative sector and private sector institutions.

The variations in yield and production also determine the assets building process of the farmers. Turk J Agric For Frequent famines[ edit ] Famines in India were very frequent during the period s to s.

In India Jatropha plant seeds which are very rich in oil 40 per cent are cultivated and processed. They took loans from zamindarswho charged high rates of interests and also exploited the farmers later on to work in their fields to repay the loans farm labourers.

Plant breeding and poverty: The Green Revolution spread technologies that already existed, but had not been widely implemented outside industrialized nations. Agency for International Development USAID in and marks the period between mid-sixties and mid-eighties when a remarkable increase in production of wheat and rice was observed in developing countries Murphy, ; Swaminathan, Criticism Though the Green Revolution was successful in increasing the food production tremendously, it has faced criticism for starting an era of chemical farming.

At the outbreak of a disease in the crop the entire area should be sprayed. One claim involves the shift of subsistence-oriented cropland to cropland oriented towards production of grain for export or animal feed.High Yielding Variety Seeds (HYV seeds) are seeds are of better quality than normal quality seeds.

The produce from these seeds is a bit more compared to the normal ones. These seeds are a better option of seeds in order to obtain a healthy and surplus crop. These seeds have good immune system to fight with insects and other diseases. the role of the farm is moved from being the centerpiece of agriculture production into being only 1 part of a system of production in industrialized agriculture, crops and livestock are _______, so that growing time is ________, but.

The novel technological development of the Green Revolution was the production of novel wheat cultivars. Agronomists bred cultivars of maize, wheat, and rice that are generally referred to as HYVs or "high-yielding varieties". HYVs have higher nitrogen-absorbing potential than other varieties.

Green Revolution in India

The Green Revolution in India refers to a period of time when agriculture in India changed to an industrial system due to the adoption of modern methods and technology such as high yielding variety (HYV) seeds, tractors, irrigation facilities, pesticides, fertilizers etc.

Green revolution was started by Norman Borlaug.

Rural environments

The key leadership role. GREEN p.1 THE GREEN REVOLUTION mi-centre.comrald-Moore and B.J. Parai had embarked on a wheat development programme that, in the In Green Revolution HYV farming it is a necessity.

HYVs require greater concentrations of water for longer periods of the year than do traditional crops, moreover, where HYVs have been.

High Yield Variety (HYV) seeds. were developed by scientists to improve food supplies and reduce famine. in developing countries. These HYV or 'miracle' seeds can produce up to ten times more crops than regular seeds on the same area of land.

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An analysis of the green revolution involvement in the development of high yield variety hyv and gen
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