Arthur Helps, and Helmut Werner. Chambers, Whittaker January The Culture is capable of sublimating the various customsmythstechniques, artspeoples, and classes into a single strong undiffused historical tendency. For example, the American people did not migrate from Europe, but were formed by events such as the American Revolution and the U.
The people of Athens is a symbol not less than the Doric temple, the Englishman not less than modern physics. The ideologies espoused by candidates, whether Socialism or Liberalismare set in motion by, and ultimately serve, only money.
In reality, freedom of the press requires money, and entails ownership, thus serving money at the end.
Suffrage involves electioneeringin which the donations rule the day. There are peoples of Apollinian, Magian, and Faustian cast Every great Culture begins with a religious trend that arises in the countryside, is carried through to the cultural cities, and ends in materialism in the world-cities.
The scientific stage associated with post-reformation Puritanism contains the fundamentals of Rationalism. However, he sees Civilization as the destiny of every Culture. The principles of equalitynatural rightsuniversal suffrageand freedom of the press are all disguises for class war the bourgeois against the aristocracy.
In race Rasse haben there is nothing material but something cosmic and directional, the felt harmony of a Destiny, the single cadence of the march of historical Being.
Essay of Comparative Studies on CivilizationsMouton, It applies criticism to its own artificial world until it exhausts itself in meaninglessness. Heidegger und die praktische Philosophie, p.
On the subject of the press, Spengler is equally contemptuous.
Adorno published an essay entitled "Spengler after the Downfall" in German: The life and times of William S. Further, Spengler sees in urban wage disputes and a focus on lavish sport expenditures for entertainment the final aspects that signal the closing of Culture and the rise of the Civilization.
Democracy, media, and money[ edit ] Spengler asserts that democracy is simply the political weapon of money, and the media are the means through which money operates a democratic political system. He proposed, inthat civilizations mirror natural organisms in experiencing growth and flowering followed by decline and death.
In reaction to the educated elites, the masses give rise to the Second Religiousness, which manifests as deeply suspicious of academia and science. A race does not migrate. Encyclopedia Britannica James Blish.
In his later works, such as Man and Technics and The Hour of DecisionSpengler expanded upon his "spiritual" theory of race and tied it to his metaphysical notion of eternal war and his belief that "Man is a beast of prey".
Chechen warlord given Decline as a gift by a Russian radio journalist. By learning about different courses taken by other civilizations, one can better understand his own culture and identity.
An Introduction to Historical Analysis. But in destroying the old elements of the Culture, it prepares the way for the rise of a new and overpowering figure: The only aim is to "confer upon objects the advantage of being subjects.
While he recognizes that all people are a part of history, he argues that only certain Cultures imbue a wider sense of historical involvement. He also does not believe language is itself sufficient to breed races, and that "the mother tongue" signifies "deep ethical forces" in Late Civilizations rather than Early Cultures, when a race is still developing the language that fits its "race-ideal".
Closely connected to race, Spengler defines a "people" as a unit of the soul.The Decline of the West (German: Der Untergang des Abendlandes), or The Downfall of the Occident, is a two-volume work by Oswald Spengler, the first volume of which was published in the summer of Spengler revised this volume in and published the second volume, subtitled Perspectives of World History, in Spengler introduces his book as a "Copernican overturning" involving the.Download